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A virus called Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) that causes a disease called hepatitis B. Hence, it's called hepatitis B. This could go on for a while. Hepatitis B...
About 2% in the Western World, going up to over 8% in areas where it is endemic.
Firstly, you some how acquire hepatitis. This can be done in several ways:
One of three things happens
- You get it, get over the acute infection and get over it
- You get it, keep it but no serious liver disease results so you become a carrier
- You get it, and complications develop, which is chronic hepatitis
All the stuff under pathophysiology plus:
- being from an endemic area (i.e. Far East, Africa and Mediterranean)
- being sexually promiscuous
- haemophilia & their carers (contact with blood products)
- healthcare professionals
- haemodialysis (and chronic renal failure)
- foster carers
- family members of a carrier or sufferer
- babies of HBsAG+ve mothers
- staff/residents of day care/long-term institutions (e.g. prison)