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What is it?
Most commonly caused by tumours in the pituitary compressing areas of the gland and preventing them from working properly. Can also be caused by loss of blood pressure during birth, as well as infection and head trauma.
Symptoms and Signs
Can be very varied, since the pituitary produces oxytocin, antidiuretic hormone, growth hormone, prolactin, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone and adrenocortitrophic hormone.
Not having enough of each of these can cause a variety of weird symptoms, but the most common occurrence is for all the anterior hormones to get knocked out, leaving them:
Going into a ComaMedical Emergency - The main reason that this is an emergency is because it can lead to a Myxoedema coma if the thyroid hormone levels get too low, or a Addisonian crisis if the cortisol levels get too low!
Probably a Head CT to check it all out too.
- First thing is hydrocortisone sodium succinate.
- Next is T3, to get the metabolism restarted.
- If its a tumour, or an infarct, probably will need surgery.