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Key clinical problems

If you work hard, you too, like this man, can be an excellent doctor!

This page is a list of key clinical problems. If you want the unsorted Minerva list, go here. Otherwise, read on!

Emergency.gif

Medical emergencies - This is probably the most important to learn, since this covers life and death stuff, the rest you can look up when you have time!

Cardiovascular and Blood

  1. Anaemia
  2. Bleeding
  3. Cardiac arrest/sudden death
  4. Chest pain
  5. Cyanosis
  6. Leg pain/swelling
  7. Low blood pressure
  8. Murmur
  9. Oedema
  10. Palpitations/abnormal heart rhythm
  11. Raised blood pressure
  12. Shock

Death and unconciousness

  1. Dying patient
  2. Confusion/delirium
  3. Loss of consciousness/coma

Dermatology

  1. Hair loss
  2. Itch
  3. Skin rash/eruptions
  4. Skin ulcers

Endocrine

  1. Hirsutism
  2. Infertility
  3. Sexual dysfunction
  4. Menstrual disturbance
  5. Physical malformation/abnormal stature
  6. Weight gain
  7. Weight loss

ENT

  1. Change in hearing
  2. Ear pain
  3. Oral lesions
  4. Sore throat

Gastrointestinal

  1. Abdominal distention
  2. Abdominal mass
  3. Abdominal pain (acute/chronic)
  4. Anorectal pain
  5. Anorexia
  6. Change in bowel habit
  7. Constipation
  8. Diarrhoea
  9. Dysphagia
  10. Haematemesis
  11. Jaundice
  12. Nausea
  13. Rectal bleeding
  14. Vomiting

GU and Sex

  1. Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  2. Dysuria
  3. Groin lump
  4. Haematuria
  5. Pelvic pain
  6. Pregnancy
  7. Testicular pain
  8. Testicular/scrotal swelling
  9. Urinary frequency/nocturia
  10. Urinary incontinence
  11. Urinary retention
  12. Vaginal discharge

Lumps and bumps

  1. Breast lump
  2. Enlarged spleen
  3. Enlarged liver
  4. Lump in neck
  5. Lymphadenopathy

Metabolic and Physiology

  1. Abnormal blood sugar
  2. Abnormal serum sodium
  3. Fever
  4. Raised serum calcium

Neurological

  1. Abnormal/unsteady gait
  2. Dizziness/vertigo
  3. Fall/collapse
  4. Movement disorder/tremor
  5. Numbness/paraesthesia/tingling
  6. Red eye
  7. Seizure
  8. Weakness
  9. Visual disturbance/impairment

Pain

  1. Pain
  2. Back/neck pain
  3. Joint pain/swelling

Psychiatric

  1. Addictive behaviour
  2. Aggression/violence
  3. Anxiety
  4. Deterioration of intellect
  5. Hallucinations/disordered thinking
  6. Learning difficulty
  7. Mood Problem
  8. Self harm
  9. Sleep disturbance

Respiratory

  1. Cough/sputum
  2. Haemoptysis
  3. Pleural effusion
  4. Shortness of breath
  5. Stridor
  6. Wheeze

Trauma and Injuries

  1. Lacerations
  2. Trauma/injuries
  3. Facial pain
  4. Headache
  5. Burns