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Physical malformation/abnormal stature

This man has a serious physical abnormality - his testicles have fallen off, due to steroid overuse. Shame.

Definition

Anything that causes someone to have an abnormal physical shape or posture.

Epidemiology

Common.jpg Fairly common.

Pathophysiology

Two main types:
Before birth

After birth

Clinical and Associated Features

Differential Diagnosis

Investigations

Management

Down's syndrome Turner's syndrome Hormonal problem (e.g. delayed puberty) Intrauterine growth retardation Uncommon but illustrative

Hormonal problems (e.g. pituitary and thyroid disorders in children) Achondroplasia