Women's health

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This health essay contains the index pages from the Breast and Obs & Gynae specialities:


This is the "compromise" position of gynaecological examination, where the doctor can feel, but not see. It's pretty Victorian, and pretty ineffective.

This is all about the weird and horrifying things that happen to the equally mysterious and frightening world of female sexual organs.

The things that don't really fit into those categories are urogynaecology, endometriosis, the menstrual cycle, its disorders plus when it ends i.e. the menopause.

Avoiding, and getting, pregnant

Contraception, fertility and early pregnancy are also important parts of gynae, even if the last one could strictly be obstetrics.


This is all about care of the pregnant woman. Thus it is important to know about the big two areas: pregnancy and birth. Once these are known, its important to learn about the key things that can go wrong, such as:



A lovely pa... err... set of breasts


Obviously you need to learn the anatomy of the breast, since this is fairly relevant to understanding it!

Breast disease

The biggie is breast cancer. However, there is also a wide range of benign breast disease. All of these conditions can present with a breast lump.